© John Vink / Magnum Photos

 

Traces of the carnival celebrations in Binche, a former industrial region of Belgium, can be traced back to the 14th century. It is part of the continent-wide pagan-related rites celebrating the end of winter. The festival was recognised by UNESCO as an ‘Oral and Immaterial Patrimony of Humanity’ in 2003. But to the inhabitants of the small city of Binche it is much more than that: the three days of Mardi Gras celebrations and also the rituals in the preceding weeks of actual Mardi Gras are the expression of an intense sense of belonging to a community, creating very strong social bonds. The main character around which the festival evolves is the ‘Gille de Binche’. Probably created around the end of the 18th century the Gille, organised in various brotherhoods, obey very strict rules during carnival: they can only dress up as a Gille, with the ostrich feather hat, the straw-stuffed costume, the bundle of twigs to ward off evil winter spirits (which is also thrown to relatives or friends in the public as a greeting), and the wooden clogs during the day of Mardi Gras, they should at all times be accompanied by a drum, should never be seen sitting in public. The hardest requisite in a context of free flowing alcohol during the carnival days is probably not being seen drunk. Being a Gille is an honour but comes at a price, and many members go through severe financial sacrifice to pay for the rent of the costume (300€ for the ostrich hat), buy the oranges which will be thrown to the public as a sign of good luck (throwing them back to the Gille is a grave offence) and the bottles of champagne and other alcoholic beverages consumed during the festive days.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' at the start of the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' at the start of the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Drummer passing in front of public urinal after the first round of the 'Gilles de Binche' through the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Drummer passing in front of public urinal after the first round of the 'Gilles de Binche' through the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Confetti strewn on the street during the first round of the 'Gilles de Binche' through the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Confetti strewn on the street during the first round of the 'Gilles de Binche' through the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: A young 'Gille de Binche' going home, accompanied by hiss drummer after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: A young 'Gille de Binche' going home, accompanied by hiss drummer after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers on the 'Grand Place' before going inside city hall to be greeted by the mayor during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' dancing in front of their drummers on the 'Grand Place' before going inside city hall to be greeted by the mayor during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Covered with confetti when the 'Gilles de Binche' have their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Covered with confetti when the 'Gilles de Binche' have their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Covered with confetti when the 'Gilles de Binche' have their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Covered with confetti when the 'Gilles de Binche' have their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' leaving city hall after having been greeted by the mayor during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' leaving city hall after having been greeted by the mayor during their first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' going home, accompanied by their drummer after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' going home, accompanied by their drummer after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' going home, accompanied by their drummer after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gilles de Binche' going home, accompanied by their drummer after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Harlequins' after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Harlequins' after the first round of the city in the morning on Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' will wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Spectator, protected by wired fence to ward off oranges thrown by the 'Gilles de Binche' watches the start of the final parade on Mardi Gras.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Spectator, protected by wired fence to ward off oranges thrown by the 'Gilles de Binche' watches the start of the final parade on Mardi Gras.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' at the start of the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' at the start of the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, asking hiss helper to fill hiss basket with oranges wich will be thrown to spectators. 'Gilles de Binche' wear a hat with ostrich feathers, a costume stuffed with straw and have wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, asking hiss helper to fill hiss basket with oranges wich will be thrown to spectators. 'Gilles de Binche' wear a hat with ostrich feathers, a costume stuffed with straw and have wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: A young 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, throws oranges to the public. Older 'Gilles de Binche 'are wearing a hat with ostrich feathers, a costume stuffed with straw and have wooden clogs on their feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: A young 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, throws oranges to the public. Older 'Gilles de Binche 'are wearing a hat with ostrich feathers, a costume stuffed with straw and have wooden clogs on their feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: 'Gille de Binche' during the final parade on Mardi Gras, donning a hat with ostrich feathers, wearing a costume stuffed with straw and with wooden clogs on his feet. A 'Gille' is not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying him.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Public trying to catch oranges thrown by 'Gilles de Binche' during Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Public trying to catch oranges thrown by 'Gilles de Binche' during Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Public trying to catch oranges thrown by 'Gilles de Binche' during Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Public trying to catch oranges thrown by 'Gilles de Binche' during Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: A young 'Pierrot' at the 'Grand Place' during the final parade on Mardi Gras. Besides the 'Gilles de Binche' wearing a hat with ostrich feathers, a costume stuffed with straw and wooden clogs on their feet, there are three more smaller groups: the 'Harlequins', the 'Pierrots' and the 'Paysans'. Like the 'Gilles' they are not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying them.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: A young 'Pierrot' at the 'Grand Place' during the final parade on Mardi Gras. Besides the 'Gilles de Binche' wearing a hat with ostrich feathers, a costume stuffed with straw and wooden clogs on their feet, there are three more smaller groups: the 'Harlequins', the 'Pierrots' and the 'Paysans'. Like the 'Gilles' they are not allowed to walk in the street without a drummer accompanying them.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Musicians accompanying 'Gilles de Binche' at the 'Grand Place' during the final parade on Mardi Gras.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Musicians accompanying 'Gilles de Binche' at the 'Grand Place' during the final parade on Mardi Gras.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Oranges thrown by the 'Gilles de Binche' during the last parade of Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 17/02/2015: Oranges thrown by the 'Gilles de Binche' during the last parade of Mardi Gras, the day the 'Gilles de Binche' wear their ostrich feather hat to celebrate carnival.

This is just the start… People are getting into the mood, getting ready for the climax of this next tuesday when the ‘Gilles de Binche’ will beat the rhythm of the drums with their wooden clogs, their traditional costume stuffed with straw and wearing their ostrich feather hats.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting in a café for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting in a café for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Eating Belgian fries on the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Eating Belgian fries on the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting in a café for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting in a café for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting in a café for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting in a café for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Musicians waiting for the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Exploded firework signaling the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Exploded firework signaling the start of the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Brass instruments covered with cloth to prevent oranges, thrown by the Gilles de Binche, to clog the tube on the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Brass instruments covered with cloth to prevent oranges, thrown by the Gilles de Binche, to clog the tube on the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Covered in confetti on the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Covered in confetti on the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Crushed plastic beercups during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Crushed plastic beercups during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Taking a selfie during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Taking a selfie during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Beer cans delivery during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Beer cans delivery during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Urinal during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Urinal during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Youth gathered in a bar during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Youth gathered in a bar during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Flower hat during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Flower hat during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Parents waiting for the return of their children taking part in the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Parents waiting for the return of their children taking part in the parade during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: First day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Parade during the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Parade during the first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Urinal during first day of carnival.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 15/02/2015: Urinal during first day of carnival.

In the ongoing quest of finding out if Belgium is still around or still makes sense, this month of February I will focus on a series of carnivals in and around Binche. Here is a sample of carnival photographs in Belgium during bygone years.

BELGIUM. Binche. 5/3/1971. Carnaval de Binche.

BELGIUM. Binche. 5/3/1971. Carnaval de Binche.

BELGIUM. Binche. 5/03/1971: Binche carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche. 5/03/1971: Binche carnival.

BELGIUM. Aalst. 17/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Aalst. 17/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Aalst. 17/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Aalst. 17/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche pissing during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche pissing during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche during carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 19/02/1980: Gilles de Binche during carnival

BELGIUM. Morlanwelz. 24/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Morlanwelz. 24/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Morlanwelz. 24/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Morlanwelz. 24/02/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Leuven. 01/03/1980: Participants at carnival.

BELGIUM. Leuven. 01/03/1980: Participants at carnival.

BELGIUM. Oostende (West Vlaanderen). 2/03/1980

BELGIUM. Oostende (West Vlaanderen). 2/03/1980

BELGIUM. Oostende (West Vlaanderen). 2/03/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Oostende (West Vlaanderen). 2/03/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Oostende (West Vlaanderen). 2/03/1980

BELGIUM. Oostende (West Vlaanderen). 2/03/1980

BELGIUM. Stavelot. 16/03/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Stavelot. 16/03/1980: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Stavelot. 06/03/1980: Blanc-Moussis during carnival.

BELGIUM. Stavelot. 06/03/1980: Blanc-Moussis during carnival.

BELGIUM. Carrières. 28/03/82: Crowd during annual carnival.

BELGIUM. Carrières. 28/03/82: Crowd during annual carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 04/03/1984: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 04/03/1984: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche. 04/03/1984: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche. 04/03/1984: Carnival.

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 04/03/1984: Carnival

BELGIUM. Binche (Hainaut). 04/03/1984: Carnival

Second day of carnival related events. This time in Binche, the cradle of carnival for the French-speaking part of Belgium. The carnival festivities in Binche, dating back hundreds of years, were rightfully registered as a “Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO in 2003. The whole city vibrates for months preceding the festival, preparing for the 3-day long climax starting next sunday and ending on mardi-gras with a spectacular parade.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Child posing in a cutout during last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

BELGIUM, Binche (Hainaut). 8/02/2015: Child posing in a cutout during last 'Soumonces', one week before the actual carnival, when the brotherhoods follow the drums, dressed in fantasy costumes.

In the ongoing quest of finding out if Belgium is still around or still makes sense, this month of February will focus on a series of carnivals in and around Binche. On Saturday the various brotherhoods and carnival associations were out in the streets of La Louvière for the ‘Soumonces en musique’.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Drum entering a cafe. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Drum entering a cafe. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Confetti thrown by child. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Confetti thrown by child. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Man covered with spray foam. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Man covered with spray foam. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Spilled beer on the street. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Spilled beer on the street. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Empty shop. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

BELGIUM, La Louvière (Hainaut). 7/02/2015: Empty shop. The 'Soumonces en musique' take place a few weeks before the actual carnival. The various brotherhoods, dressed with a blue peasants tunic and wearing wooden clogs, dance to the music going from one café to another, holding a handful of twigs.

More on ‘This is not Belgium’. See HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE or HERE

Now this is the REAL thing: the hard training at the grounds of the ‘brodal serei’ boxers from the RCAF trained by former World Champion E’Phoutang, the incessant kicks with the knees, the elbows, the sweat, the sighs and screams, the pain, the bruised muscles, the smell of rotting boxing gloves. All things which inspired Emmanuèle Phuon, a Brussels based choreographer with Cambodian roots, to create a contemporary dance piece based on ‘brodal serei’, the Cambodian version of kickboxing. More HERE. More on Emmanuèle Phuon HERE

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: former World Champion E'Phoutang on the training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces).

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: former World Champion E'Phoutang on the training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces).

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 3/02/2015: Training grounds of the 'brodal serei' boxers from the RCAF (Royal Cambodian Armed Forces), trained by former world champion E'Phoutang.

Emmanuèle Phuon, a Brussels based choreographer with Cambodian roots and creator of the ‘Khmeropédies’ trilogy, has only one week left to finish her new choreography inspired by ‘brodal serei’, the Cambodian version of kickboxing. Saran, a professional boxer, has been coaching the 3 dancers from the Amrita Performing Arts organisation, Khon Chansithyka (Mo), Nget Rady and Noun Souvitou (Tou).

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Noun Souvitou and Nget Rady, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Noun Souvitou and Nget Rady, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Saran, boxer and coach, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Saran, boxer and coach, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady, Noun Souvitou, and Khon Chansithyka during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady, Noun Souvitou, and Khon Chansithyka during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Noun Souvitou and Nget Rady, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Noun Souvitou and Nget Rady, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady, Noun Souvitou, and Khon Chansithyka during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady, Noun Souvitou, and Khon Chansithyka during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Saran, boxer and coach, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Saran, boxer and coach, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady, and Khon Chansithyka, dancers from Amrita, during a break while the rehearsing a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Nget Rady, and Khon Chansithyka, dancers from Amrita, during a break while the rehearsing a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Khon Chansithyka, Noun Souvitou, Nget Rady, dancers from Amrita, and Saran, boxer and coach, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 2/02/2015: Khon Chansithyka, Noun Souvitou, Nget Rady, dancers from Amrita, and Saran, boxer and coach, during the rehearsals of a new piece by Emmanuèle Phuon, a choreographer from Cambodian origin living in Belgium, inspired by 'brodal serei', the Cambodian version of kickboxing.

About 100 garment factory workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh to hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy, requesting the U.S. put pressure on the U.S. owner of the factory to comply a ruling by the Cambodian Arbitration Council which demanded union workers who were fired following a strike to obtain higher wages be reinstated.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: A union leader, supported by Rong Chhun, leader of the teacher's union, addresses the garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, who travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: A union leader, supported by Rong Chhun, leader of the teacher's union, addresses the garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, who travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Rong Chhun, leader of the teacher's union, addresses the garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, who travelled to Phnom Penh to hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Rong Chhun, leader of the teacher's union, addresses the garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, who travelled to Phnom Penh to hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Bread distribution to garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, who travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Bread distribution to garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, who travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.

CAMBODIA, Phnom Penh. 30/01/2015: Garment workers from the Manhattan Textile and Garment Corp., located in Kampong Cham province, travelled to Phnom Penh and hold a protest in front of the U.S. Embassy to deliver a petition requesting the U.S. pressure the U.S. owner of the factory to reintegrate the union leaders which were fired following a strike to request higher wages.